Hazrat Arsh Ashiyani (Akbar the great) followed his administrative manual (zawabit) for fifty years and did not discontinue them. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. In six years he gave such stability to the structure (of the empire) that its foundations still survive. He then enlisted as a soldier in the service of Jamal Khan, the governor of Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. He had made India flourish in such a way that the king of Persia and Turan appreciate it, and have a desire to look at it. Bhupat Rai and Puran Mal, sons of Raja Silhadi accepted service under the regime of Malwa in recognition of their interest in the Raisen region. ABOUT SHER SHAH SURI Born in 1484 in Sasaram, Bihar Real name – Farid khan Father – Hasan khan suri Spouse – Rani khan Founder of suri empire in north India Reign – 1540-1545 Died in 1545 in Kalinjar fort, Bundelkhand Burial – Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram, Bihar 3. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. Instead of marching to the enemy's capital Sher Shah halted in the village of Sammel in the pargana of Jaitaran, ninety kilometres east of Jodhpur. , After this victory, Sher Shah's general Khawas Khan Marwat took possession of Jodhpur and occupied the territory of Marwar from Ajmer to Mount Abu in 1544.  An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540.  Because of his valour, Bahar Khan rewarded him the title Sher Khan (Lion Lord). He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. He soon rose through the military ranks and became the governor of Bihar following the death of Bahar Khan. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur, who started out as a horse trader, became a landlord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area (present-day Haryana), representing his patron Jamal Khan Lodi Sarangkhani, who assigned him a few villages in Hissar. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. Promotion of art and architecture. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. " However, the online Encyclopædia Britannica states that he was born in Sasaram (Bihar), in the Rohtas district. Sher Shah’s victory in the battle marked the beginning of the downfall of Humayun’s reign and laid the foundation for Suri to establish the foundation of the Sur Empire in North India. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545.  Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Wells were also dug, especially along the western section. , The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system.  On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Ghiyasuddin sent an army under General Ibrahim Khan. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. Sher Shah Suri History :Real Name of Sher Shah Suri was Farid Khan. The two-storey Sher Shah Suri Fort was a huge jail with numerous dungeons. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and Public welfare activities. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sher-shah-suri-6758.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings.  Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. Abbas Sarwani states that he had the older city of Delhi destroyed. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. , After the death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah became the new ruler of Malwa Sultanate. In 1541-42 AD after capturing Bengal and Malwa, Sher Shah Suri won many battles in Rajputana. Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna..  He built a new city, Bhera, in present-day Pakistan in 1545, including within it a grand masjid named after him. Published: May 28, 2011. By 1540, Sher Shah had managed to drive out all his enemies from Bengal, Bihar, and the Punjab. The sarais served as convenient camping grounds for the military forces especially when a market town grew up around it. Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. Famous as: Founder of the Sur Empire in North India, See the events in life of Sher Shah Suri in Chronological Order. Sikandar Lodi appointed Sarangkhani, who supported Sikandar's struggle to the throne, as governor of Jaunpur after its conquest. If you be slain you become a martyr, if you live you become a ghazi. , Sher Shah was killed on 22 May 1545 during the siege of Kalinjar fort in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba. He was known to be a great warrior and an able administrator whose works laid the foundation for the later Mughal emperors. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. He ruled India for only five years and in those five years set an example of welfare schemes and public service that even today, centuries later, its effects are still present in India. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Later sensing the growth of Sher Shah's power in Bihar, Jalal sought the assistance of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the independent Sultan of Bengal. , Sher Shah is generally viewed as tolerant of Hindus, except in the massacre following the surrender of Raisen. It now became easier for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the country to the other. One evening, he dropped forged letters near the Maldeo's camp in such a way that they were sure to be intercepted. Facebook Count. Email. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system.  According to numismatists Goron and Goenka, it is clear from coins dated AH 945 (1538 AD) that Sher Khan had assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah and had coins struck in his own name even before the battle of Chausa.. CHAPTER I.  When all tactics to subdue this fort failed, Sher Shah ordered the walls of the fort to be blown up with gunpowder, but he himself was seriously wounded as a result of the explosion of a mine. " Sher Shah's Mughal army then attacked the fort of Kalinjar, captured it, killing every person inside that fort. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. His was an enlightened despotism. Within a course of four years he became the recognized ruler of Bihar. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Mazar of Suri's grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur still stands as a monument in Narnaul[non-primary source needed]. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 10… His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur tribe. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. He then moved on to work for Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, and impressed him greatly with his valour and courage. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. But he was feeling the need for more conquests to make his kingdom safe and free from dangers. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. , He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. Puran Mal agreed to accept his lordship and left his brother Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah's service. In order to make taxation system simple, he abolished all the duties on the goods except two. , Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. He remained a brave and ambitious warrior till the very end.  A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted Muslim administrator as well as a capable general. Sher Shah planned these roads to connect the capital with the various provinces of the empire so that in case of necessity troops might be rapidly rushed to the affected region. Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi..  Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. Account of the reign of Sher Sháh Súr", "State Formation and Consolidation under the Ujjaniya Rajputs", The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians - The Muhammadan Period, "Jain inscription from Shergarh (Dr. D.C. Sircar)", Tarikh-i Khan Jahani wa Makhzan-i Afghani, The earliest extant account of Sher Shah Sur, Roads and Sarais (inns) of Sher Shah Suri, Sher Shah Suri aimed at eradicating poverty from his empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=995687117, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Utmadun nissa Bano Begum, Rani Shah Begum, "Sher Shah Suri; A Fresh Perspective"; Bashir Ahmad Khan Matta (Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan) 2006, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 10:08. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II By Satish Chandra pg.80. with his son Hasan Khán, the father of Sher Sháh, came to Hindu-stán from Afghánistán, from a place which is called in the Afghán tongue "Shargarí,"* but in the Multán tongue "Rohrí." The confrontations between Sher Shah and Humayun continued as Humayun retried to capture lost territories and the men faced each other again at Kannauj in May 1540.  But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. This marriage helped him greatly in consolidating his powers as a powerful ruler as it gave him the possession of the Fort of Chunar. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. Look at other dictionaries: Sher Shah Suri — Sher Shâh Sûrî Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ahmad Shah. Farid Khan entered the service of Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, in 1522. He also built several monuments including Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque at Purana Qila, Delhi. As an excuse for the treachery, Sher Shah claimed it as a revenge for enslavement of Muslim women and that he had once, when seriously ill, pledged to wipe out the Rajputs of Raisen. To resolve this situation, Sher Shah resorted to a cunning ploy. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.” Law and order: The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. , Sher Shah Suri is accused by `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni and other Muslim historians for destroying old cities while founding new ones on their ruins after his own name. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri. , Historian Abbas Sarwani describes a scene of Jauhar thus, "While the Hindus were employed in putting their women and families to death, the Afghans on all sides commenced the slaughter of the Hindus. Quotes . They entered into the service of Muhabbat Khán Súr, Dáúd Sáhú-khail, to whom Sultán Bahlol had given in jágír the parganas of Hariána and Bahkála, etc., in the Panjáb, and they settled in the pargana of Bajwára.. 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